Intel 8008 (i8008) microprocessor family

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  • » 8-bit microprocessor
  • » Up to 800 KHz
  • » 16 KB memory
  • » 7-level deep stack
  • » 8 In / 24 Out ports
18-pin DIP
  • » 4-bit microprocessor
  • » 4 KB program memory
  • » 640 bytes data memory
  • » No interrupts
  • » 3-level deep stack
  • » 8-bit microprocessor
  • » Up to 4 MHz
  • » 64 KB RAM
  • » Stack in RAM
  • » 256 I/O ports
40-pin DIP
The first 8-bit microprocessor, Intel 8008 (i8008) was released 5 months after Intel 4004. The 8008 was available in two speed grades - 500 KHz and 800 KHz. Because it took the CPU from 5 to 8 cycles to execute each instruction, the effective rate of instruction execution was:
  • From 45,000 to 100,000 instructions per second for Intel 8008
  • From 72,000 to 160,000 instruction per second for Intel 8088-1

These numbers assume that the CPU uses fast memory and doesn't require wait states to access the memory. Although the effective speed in instructions per second of the 8008 microprocessor sometimes is lower than the effective speed of the 4004 CPU, overall performance of the i8008 was greater due to faster effective speed of some instructions, 8-bit architecture and more efficient instruction set. The 8008 had other advantages over the 4004:

  • The processor supported of 16 KB of memory (ROM and RAM combined).
  • The size of internal CPU stack was 7 levels in contrast to 3 level-stack for the i4004.
  • The Intel 8008 could handle interrupts.

One of the drawbacks of the Intel 8008 was the absence of direct memory addressing. To access data in memory the memory address had to be stored in H and L registers, and only then the processor could indirectly access the memory. This limitation was removed in Intel 8080.

Intel 8008 microprocessor was used in Mark-8 computer, which is considered to be the first personal computer.

Die pictures:

Production microprocessors

18-pin DIP
East German clone of Intel 8008 processor
Intel C8008
0.5 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Gray ceramic/gold top/gold pins
Intel C8008-1
0.8 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Purple ceramic/gold top/gold pins
Intel D8008
0.5 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Intel D8008-1
0.8 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Microsystems International MF8008R
0.5 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Gray ceramic/gold top/gold pins
Microsystems International MF8008-1R
0.8 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Siemens SAB8008-1C
0.8 MHz
18-pin ceramic DIP
Purple ceramic/gold top/gold pins

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8-bit microprocessor
Technology (micron):
Frequency (MHz):
0.5, 0.8