AMD K10 processor families

AMD K10 family is the latest generation of AMD x86 microprocessors. The first nine microprocessors from this family, quad-core Third Generation Opterons, were introduced on September 10 2007. 2 months after that AMD released first desktop Phenom quad-core microprocessors, and the first triple-core Phenom X3 CPUs were released in March 2008. At the end of 2008 AMD launched middle-class K10-based processors, that received the same name as high-performance CPUs built on K8 micro-architecture - Athlon X2. In 2009 AMD launched newer generation of middle-class and high-performance desktop processors, branded Athlon II and Phenom II respectively. At this moment (March 2010) K10 families cover three main market segments - desktop, mobile and server, and are divided into three main groups in accordance with processors' price and performance:
  • Budget processors - Sempron, Athlon II, and Sempron Mobile.
  • Mid-class microprocessors - Athlon X2, Athlon II X2 / X3 / X4, and Athlon II Dual-Core Mobile.
  • High-performance families - Phenom X3 / X4, Phenom II X2 / X3 / X4 / X6, Turion II Dual-Core Mobile, and Turion II Ultra Dual-Core Mobile.
  • Server families: Third-Generation Opteron, Six-Core Opteron and Opteron 6100 series.

K10 microprocessors include many performance improvements. The most important ones are listed below:

  • Contain up to 6 cores per die, or up to 12 cores per CPU.
  • Integrate large level 3 cache shared between all cores.
  • Faster HyperTransport link.
  • Improved integrated memory controller which may be configured as dual-channel controller, or as two single channel controllers. Memory controller in the latest generation of desktop and server processors supports DDR3 memory.
  • Recent generations of K10 families are built on more modern 0.045 process, which allows better CPU frequency scaling.
  • The width of AMD Floating Point unit was increased to 128 bits. When combined with other core improvements (ability to load two 128-bit values per cycle, faster instruction decoding) this allows the CPU to process up to two 128-bit SSE instructions per cycle.
  • Enhanced branch prediction and out-of order execution.

Beside performance improvements, the families incorporate enhanced power management features. The CPUs can dynamically adjust frequency of individual cores depending on their load, change voltage of integrated memory independently from core voltage of CPU cores, and include other power-saving features.

Use the filter below to display families that have specific feature(s) incorporated:

List of K10 families

AMD Sempron 140 - SDX140HBK13GQ / SDX140HBGQBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Sempron 140 - SDX140HBK13GQ / SDX140HBGQBOX

AMD Sempron X2 180 - SDX180HDK22GM
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Sempron X2 180 - SDX180HDK22GM

AMD Athlon II 160u - AD160UEAK13GQ
Author: gshv

Athlon II is a family of budget microprocessors designed for low power applications. All Athlon IIs have one CPU core, and feature 128 KB L1 cache and 1 MB L2 cache. Internally, the Athlon IIs has two cores with one core disabled. The processors have standard for K10 micro-architecture set of features, from AMD64 to Virtualization technologies. The main distinct feature of this family is very low power consumption, 20 Watt or less. The Athlon II CPUs support DDR2 and DDR3 memory, and may work in socket AM2+ and socket AM3 motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Athlon II 160u - AD160UEAK13GQ

AMD Athlon X2 7550 - AD7550WCJ2BGH
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Athlon X2 7550 - AD7550WCJ2BGH

AMD Athlon II X2 250 - ADX250OCK23GQ / ADX250OCGQBOX
Author: gshv

Athlon II X2 was the first family of mid-class / budget microprocessors branded "Athlon II". The family was launched in June 2009, 4 months after introduction of socket AM3 Phenom II X3 and X4 microprocessors. Athlon II X2 CPUs have two cores, and all basic K10 micro-architecture features, such as 128 KB L1 cache, 64-bit instruction set, SSE3 and SSE4a instructions, Cool'n'Quiet feature, and Virtualization technology. With the exception of 215 and 220 models, all Athlon II X2s incorporate 1 MB L2 cache per core - this is twice larger than the size of level 2 cache (per core) in more expensive Phenom IIs. All Athlon II X2 CPUs don't have level 3 cache. Performance of Athlon II X2s is lower than performance of similarly clocked Phenom II X2 processors by less than 10% in office applications, and lower by up to 15% in memory-intensive applications. Athlon II X2 CPUs require socket AM3 motherboards, but may also work in socket AM2/AM2+ motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Athlon II X2 250 - ADX250OCK23GQ / ADX250OCGQBOX

AMD Athlon II X3 425 - ADX425WFK32GI / ADX425WFGIBOX
Author: gshv

Athlon II X3 family was introduced in October 2009 simultaneously with low-power dual-core, triple-core and quad-core processors. Earlier processors from this family were quad-core Phenom II CPUs with one core and L3 cache disabled, while majority of recently released X3 processors are based on quad-core Athlon II with one core disabled. Features of the Athlon II X3 CPUs are identical of those of Athlon II and Phenom II families - 512 KB L2 cache per each core, 64-bit and SSE3 instructions, and EVP and Virtualization technologies. There are two variations of triple-core CPUs: standard-power processors with 95 Watt TDP, and low power parts with 45 Watt TDP. All triple-core processors are manufactured in a package compatible with socket AM2+ and AM3 motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Athlon II X3 425 - ADX425WFK32GI / ADX425WFGIBOX

AMD Athlon II X4 630 - ADX630WFK42GI / ADX630WFGIBOX
Author: gshv

Athlon II X4 is the first family of low-priced quad-core CPUs, and the second "Athlon II" branded family. Introduced in September 2009, the X4 family had two important differences from previously launched dual-core Athlon IIs and Phenom II X4s. First, the die of Athlon II X4 CPUs is significantly smaller than the die of Phenom II microprocessors due to missing large L3 cache. Second, each core on the X4 CPUs has twice smaller L2 cache compared to dual-core Athlon IIs. Other CPU features of these quad-core processors are not different from Athlon IIs and Phenom IIs. The Athlon II X4 family includes many models with standard 95 Watt power consumption, as well as several low-power CPUs with 45 Watt TDP. Athlon II X4s are manufactured in 938-pin package, compatible with sockets AM2+ and AM3.

Picture of: AMD Athlon II X4 630 - ADX630WFK42GI / ADX630WFGIBOX

AMD Phenom X3 8750 Black Edition - HD875ZWCJ3BGH / HD875ZWCGHBOX
Author: Neon

Phenom X3 family of triple-core microprocessors was introduced 4 months after release of Phenom X4 family. The X3 microprocessors are basically Phenom X4 CPUs with one core disabled. Having one fewer core, the performance of X3 processors falls behind the X4 CPUs in applications that heavily utilize all four cores (like 3D rendering and media encoders). In all other applications, including games, the triple-core Phenoms perform at the same level as quad-core processors. Phenom X3 CPUs are manufactured in the same 940-pin package as Phenom X4, and they work in both socket AM2 and AM2+ motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Phenom X3 8750 Black Edition - HD875ZWCJ3BGH / HD875ZWCGHBOX

AMD Phenom X4 9850 - HD9850WCJ4BGH
Author: kju135

Phenom X4 was the first desktop family of microprocessors based on K10 microarchitecture. Initially branded as "Phenom" (without X4), the family was re-branded as "Phenom X4" when triple-core Phenom processors were released. Like older K8-based processors, all quad-core Phenoms have an integrated memory controller, one HyperTransport link and 128 KB level 1 cache per core. The size of level 2 cache on all CPUs is fixed to 512 KB (per core). All quad-core Phenoms also have new 2 MB level 3 cache shared between all cores. Phenom X4 processors are manufactured in 940-pin micro-PGA package and work in both socket AM2 and socket AM2+ motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Phenom X4 9850 - HD9850WCJ4BGH

AMD Phenom II X2 550 - HDZ550WFK2DGI / HDZ550WFGIBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Phenom II X2 550 - HDZ550WFK2DGI / HDZ550WFGIBOX

AMD Phenom II X3 710 - HDX710WFK3DGI / HDX710WFGIBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Phenom II X3 710 - HDX710WFK3DGI / HDX710WFGIBOX

AMD Phenom II X4 955 Black Edition - HDZ955FBK4DGI / HDZ955FBGIBOX
Author: Neon

Picture of: AMD Phenom II X4 955 Black Edition - HDZ955FBK4DGI / HDZ955FBGIBOX

AMD Phenom II X6 1035T - HDT35TWFK6DGR / HDT35TWFGRBOX
Author: gshv

AMD Phenom II X6 is a family of six-core microprocessors based on K10 micro-architecture. Similar to other Phenom II processors, Phenom II X6 CPUs integrates dual-channel DDR3 memory controller and one HyperTransport 3.0 link, and has all microprocessor cores located on a single die. The X6 processors include all standard features of Phenom II processors - 128 KB per-core L1 cache, 512 KB per-core L2 cache, shared 6 MB L3 cache, 64-bit technology, Virtualization, and Cool'n'Quiet. New feature in X6 family is Turbo Core technology, which is comparable to Intel's Turbo Boost Technology. This feature temporarily increases frequency of active CPU cores when the CPU is operating below it's power and temperature limits. First two processors from this family were introduced on April 27, 2010. Phenom II X6 processors are manufactured in 938-pin microPGA package, and they're compatible with socket AM3 motherboards.

Picture of: AMD Phenom II X6 1035T - HDT35TWFK6DGR / HDT35TWFGRBOX

AMD A4-Series A4-3400 - AD3400OJZ22GX / AD3400OJGXBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD A4-Series A4-3400 - AD3400OJZ22GX / AD3400OJGXBOX

AMD A6-Series A6-3500 - AD3500OJZ33GX / AD3500OJGXBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD A6-Series A6-3500 - AD3500OJZ33GX / AD3500OJGXBOX

AMD A8-Series A8-3870K - AD3870WNZ43GX / AD3870WNGXBOX
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD A8-Series A8-3870K - AD3870WNZ43GX / AD3870WNGXBOX

AMD Third Generation Opteron 2350 - OS2350WAL4BGC
Author: Robbie

Picture of: AMD Third Generation Opteron 2350 - OS2350WAL4BGC

AMD Six-Core Opteron 2427 - OS2427WJS6DGN / OS2427WJS6DGNWOF
Author: VistaViewer

Picture of: AMD Six-Core Opteron 2427 - OS2427WJS6DGN / OS2427WJS6DGNWOF

AMD Opteron 6128 - OS6128WKT8EGO / OS6128WKT8EGOWOF
Author: kent lois eduvane

Picture of: AMD Opteron 6128 - OS6128WKT8EGO / OS6128WKT8EGOWOF

Turion II Neo family of embedded dual-core microprocessors was introduced in April 2010 as a part of new ASB2 platform. Like all "II"-branded CPUs, these Turions are based on enhanced K10 micro-architecture. Common features of these models are 128-bit wide Floating Point path, 2 MB L2 cache, support for HyperTransport 3 protocol, and low-power DDR3 memory controller. The processors usually include optional support for ECC memory, and feature the same or lower power consumption than mobile Turion II models. The Neo processors are produced in ASB2 BGA package, which is smaller than socket S1 package.
AMD Phenom II XLT Q54L - HEQ54LOEK4DGME
Author: gshv

Picture of: AMD Phenom II XLT Q54L - HEQ54LOEK4DGME

AMD Sempron Mobile M120 - SMM120SBO12GQ

Picture of: AMD Sempron Mobile M120 - SMM120SBO12GQ

AMD V Series V120 - VMV120SGR12GM

V Series is a new name for low budget single-core microprocessors, previously branded as "Sempron Mobile". The family includes CPUs for both mainstream Danube platform and ultra-thin Nile platform. Main advantage of mainstream V Series CPUs is very low price at a performance level, sufficient for basic tasks. Ultra-thin V Series processors feature low power consumption at cheap prices, albeit at the cost of even lower performance than mainstream parts. First two models from the family were unveiled in May 2010. General features of these CPUs are 512 KB L2 cache, integrated DDR3 memory controller, and support of most of K10 technologies, including Virtualization. The processors do not include 128-bit wide Floating point Unit, and have lower HyperTransport frequency than Turion / Phenom II models. Mainstream V Series processors are produced in socket S1 package, compatible with with S1g4 version of the socket, and ultra-thin CPUs are manufactured in BGA package.

Picture of: AMD V Series V120 - VMV120SGR12GM

Athlon II Neo family of low-power single-core microprocessors was introduced in May 2010, along with other Athlon/Turion II Neo processors from Ultrathin 2010 platform, codenamed "Nile". The Neo processors are aimed at netbooks and ultra-thin notebooks, therefore there primary objective is a low power consumption at a reasonable performance level. The Athlon II Neo CPUs include one CPU core with 1 MB level 2 cache, integrated memory controller with DDR3 memory support, and one HyperTransport link, clocked lower than on more powerful mobile models. The single-core Neo processors feature less than 15 Watt, usually 12 Watt, Thermal Design Power, and are manufactured in a low profile BGA package.
AMD Athlon II Dual-Core Mobile P340 - AMP340SGR22GM
Author: gshv

Athlon II family of dual-core mobile microprocessors was introduced in September 2009 together with Sempron Mobile, Turion II and Turion II Ultra families for Tigris platform. There were 4 microprocessors released for this platform before, in May 2010, AMD launched new version of Athlon II CPUs with DDR3 memory support. Built on enhanced K10 micro-architecture, all mobile Athlon IIs integrate two cores, one HyperTransport 3 link, and DDR2 or DDR3 memory controller. Each CPU core on these Athlons includes 1 MB of L2 cache, which is twice smaller than on Turion II CPUs. Other weaknesses of the Athlon II microprocessors in comparison to Turions are lower core frequency for the same model generation, slower HyperTransport link, and worse Floating Point/SSE performance due to more narrow 64-bit FP path. Earlier Athlon II processors were produced for socket S1g3, while most 2010 models were designed for electrically incompatible socket S1g4.

Picture of: AMD Athlon II Dual-Core Mobile P340 - AMP340SGR22GM

AMD Turion II Dual-Core Mobile P520 - TMP520SGR23GM
Author: gshv

Mobile Turion II Dual-Core family is aimed at mid-class and mid-price notebooks. The first models from this family were introduced in September 2009 for Tigris mainstream platform. These models used 5XX model numbers, supported DDR2 memory, and worked in S1g3 revision of the socket S1. Overall, there were 4 Turion microprocessors released for the Tigris platform. In May 2010, AMD launched new generation of Turion II mobile processors for Danube platform, enhanced to support DDR3 memory. Danube processors used different model numbers - N5XX for models with 35 Watt Thermal Design Power, and P5XX for processors with 25 Watt TDP. Unfortunately, new "N" and "P" microprocessors required different revision of the socket S1, S1g4. Both Tigris and Danube CPUs were built on the same micro-architecture, and featured a number of enhancements over the Athlon II family: faster clock and HyperTransport speeds, twice larger size of L2 cache, and 128-bit wide internal FPU path.

Picture of: AMD Turion II Dual-Core Mobile P520 - TMP520SGR23GM

AMD Phenom II Dual-Core Mobile N620 - HMN620DCR23GM
Author: gshv

Phenom II group of high-performance mobile families was revealed in May 2010. The group is comprised of three families with two, three and four CPU cores, and, in addition to standard (35 Watt) and power-optimized (25 Watt) microprocessors, features Black Edition models with unlocked clock multiplier. The family of dual-core Phenom processors, branded as "Phenom II Dual-Core Mobile", uses N6XX, P6XX and 6XX model numbers. Internally, these dual-core parts don't differ much from the obsolete Turion II Ultra processors, or new Turion II Dual-Core CPUs. All dual-core Phenom IIs support DDR3 memory, which is the main difference of Phenom II family from Turion II Ultra. Phenom II X2 microprocessors have the same 2 MB level 2 cache, and mostly the same features as Danube Turion II parts, but they do have a few advantages over Turions - higher core frequency for the same generation of processors, and DDR3-1333 memory support for standard-power N6XX and Black Edition X6XX CPUs. All dual-core Phenom IIs are made in socket S1-compatible package.

Picture of: AMD Phenom II Dual-Core Mobile N620 - HMN620DCR23GM

AMD Phenom II Triple-Core Mobile N830 - HMN830DCR32GM
Author: gshv

Phenom II family of triple-core microprocessors for high-performance notebooks was released in May 2010 along with other Phenom II mobile families. Currently, this family includes standard-power N8XX processors with 35W TDP, power-optimized 25W P8XX CPUs, but no Black Edition models. All triple-core Phenom IIs have 512 KB L2 cache per each core, 1.8 GHz HyperTransport link, and support DDR3-1066 memory. N8XX CPUs, which are usually clocked a bit higher than P8XX models, also support DDR3-1333. The Phenom II X3 microprocessors utilize the same S1g4 version of socket S1, as Danube-based Athlon II and Turion II parts. Unlike desktop processors, where the core frequency of multi-core processors is at approximately the same level, the triple-core Phenoms are clocked noticeably lower than the dual-cores, albeit faster than quad-cores. This makes selection of desired processor more difficult, as getting CPU with the maximum number of cores for mostly single- and dual-threaded tasks may result in lower performance at a greater price.

Picture of: AMD Phenom II Triple-Core Mobile N830 - HMN830DCR32GM

AMD Phenom II Quad-Core Mobile N930 - HMN930DCR42GM
Author: gshv

Phenom II X4 is a family of quad-core processors for high-performance notebooks. Launched simultaneously with Phenom II X2 and X3 microprocessors in May 2010, quad-core Phenom series offers the best performance in multi-threaded tasks at the expense of lower performance in applications, that do not utilize all four CPU cores. The family consists of P9xx power-optimized models with 25 Watt TDP, N9xx standard voltage CPUs with 35W TDP, and X9xx Black Edition parts with unlocked clocked multiplier and even higher 45 Watt maximum power consumption. The X4s feature per-core 512 KB level 2 cache, 128-bit Floating Point path, integrated memory controller with DDR3-1066 and 1333 date rate support, and 1800 MHz HyperTransport link. Quad-cores have the same set of on-chip technologies as X3 family, i.e. 64-bit extensions to instruction set, SIMD instructions up to SSE3 and SSE4a, and Virtualization. The processors are compatible with Socket S1 (S1G4).

Picture of: AMD Phenom II Quad-Core Mobile N930 - HMN930DCR42GM

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At a glance

Type:
64-bit microprocessor
Introduction:
Sep 10, 2007
Technology (micron):
0.032 - 0.065
The number of cores:
1 - 12
Frequency (GHz):
1 - 3.7
L3 cache size (MB):
0 - 12